Massage: Types and Techniques
It is documented that massage was used before our era in China, India, Arab countries, Greece, Rome. They were treated by such pillars of medicine as Hippocrates and Avicen. In addition to medical purposes, massage was used as a restorative in preparing warriors and gladiators - a kind of prototype of modern sports massage.
Massage is one of the most pleasant and loved by many medical procedures. In addition, it is one of the most ancient and, of course, the most natural way to solve health problems. Not all, but many.
Basic massage techniques
The essence of the massage is extraordinarily simple and lays in the mechanical action of the hands on the human body. And it’s name comes from French (masser) meaning rubbing.
And this is not accidental, because the main massage techniques are rubbing, kneading, stroking, shock and vibration techniques. Moreover, each of these techniques has several varieties.
There are several classifications of types of massage. Depending on the version, there are manual, hardware, canned, vacuum; from a scope - point, local and general.
Types of massage
Depending on its purpose, the massage is subdivided into medicinal, cosmetic, hygienic, sports. Each of these species, in turn, is divided into several subspecies.
For example, sports massage can be restorative and toning, curative - preventive, rehabilitative, therapeutic, etc.
In addition, depending on the method massages are classified (set of techniques) to classical, Spanish, Thai, honey, etc.
Massage benefits and harm
The healing effect of the massage is due to the fact that human skin contains a huge number of receptors. During the massage, their irritation occurs, which is transmitted to the central nervous system. Depending on the techniques used, the impulses transmitted to the central nervous system can have both a stimulating and a calming effect.
To enhance the therapeutic effect, during the massage they use various aromatic and fragrant oils, medicinal and massage creams, ointments, gels.
As a result of the massage, blood flow to the skin and occurs blood and lymph circulation increase. As a result, the metabolism is improved, stagnation is eliminated, the skin becomes elastic.
But the effect of the massage is not limited to the skin. Intensive massage techniques affect the muscles, relaxing them and increasing blood flow. The result is improved metabolism, faster healing of injuries. Massage strengthens the ligaments and tendons, making them more elastic.
Just indispensable massage in the treatment of diseases and injuries of the spine. As a result of massage procedures, muscles relax, spinal mobility improves, squeezing of nerve endings and blood vessels disappears.
Massage has a positive effect on the nervous system, relieves tension, improves emotional state, normalizes heart rate (pulse) and blood pressure.
Headache, myalgia, myositis, osteochondrosis, sciatica, bruises, sprains, fractures, arthritis, neuralgia, hypertension, hypotension, bronchitis, pneumonia - this is not a complete list of diseases for the treatment and prevention of which massage is used.
From all of the above, a false impression may be created that massage is a panacea - a cure for all diseases. We hasten to dispel this error. There are contraindications for massage. It cannot be used in high temperature, feverish conditions, purulent and acute inflammatory processes, allergies with skin rashes, malignant tumors, trophic ulcers, gangrene, syphilis, osteomyelitis, tuberculosis, etc. In general, the list is quite large. Therefore, if in doubt, it is better to consult a doctor.
Osteopathy and manual therapy
A special type of impact on the body and its treatment are manual therapy and osteopathy. Many believe that this is the same thing, but this is a delusion. They are united by the fact that both directions refer to alternatives of drug treatment, in both cases the hands of the doctor are used.
Manual therapy is aimed at treating diseases related to the human musculus-skeletal system. Osteopathy is much broader and many-sided, it is a kind of philosophy and art of managing human health.